Essay on Unemployment in India

Essay on Unemployment In India

What is Unemployment


Creating new jobs is a crucial task and play an important rule in the economy. The economic crises has become a social crises for most countries leading to a high unemployment rate. Unemployment is a state when people have the potential and ability to do work and earn but finds no remunerative work. It can also be stated as "condition of involuntary idleness". 
Unemployment images


The recent trillion dollar meltdown of US, the Eurozone crises have changed the economic landscape of the world. Many developed countries that were doing well, suddenly are grappling with pilling debt, a banking crises and a slowdown. So, unemployment which is bothering India, is intact a global issue effecting lots of countries together. 


Job searching


Unemployment records in India are kept by the Ministry of Labour and Employment in India. From 1983 till 2011, unemployment rate of India averaged 7.6% reaching all time higher in December 2010 and a record low of 3.8% in December 2011. A large pool of youth in the age group 18-25 years, despite being skilled, are facing gap between rural and urban employment rate is also not very wide. Bit since India has the largest population of youth in the world, the impact of declining financial market is worst in India. 


Jobs searching in queue


Unemployment may be classified as---- rural, urban, seasonal, cyclical or technological. Seasonal employment is found mostly in the agricultural sector and manufacturing units like sugar or ice factories. Cyclical unemployment is caused due to the ups and downs in trade. When the entrepreneurs compensate their loss by cutting down on their number of workers, it is termed as cyclical unemployment. 

Unemployment images


As the term itself suggests, technological unemployment occurs when introduction of technology displaces manpower p. Factors like lack of capital, lack of investment, low production, decline in business cycle, dislocation of industries, deflation, use of technology etc. are the basic causes of unemployment. Beside these economic causes, unemployment can be caused due to various social factors like geographical immobility, rapid growth of population, defective system of education , lack of experience, lack of vocational training, illness or disability. Another very important social factor is the demand for certain white collar jobs and attitude of the society to looks down upon certain jobs such as teaching or salesmanship, which also causes unemployment. The desire for social acceptance through made-up social status too causes unemployment. 


Short Essay on Unemployment


Unemployment, thus causes disillusionment, frustration, dissatisfaction. This gives rise to cynicism and dissipates the energy of the youth in destructive directions. Thus, they resort to crime, violence, anti-social activities or even worse they try to take a short cut to achieve the much sought after social status. This explains the number of bank robberies, online money and financial frauds or others. 
Job, make money


Even suicidal tendencies are on a rise due to social humiliation and deprivation. These crises have taken its toll so much that various movies on this subject have also been produced. Movies like 'Wolf of Wall Street' and 'Desi Boyz' are examples of such movies depicting how market slowdown has taken people to wrong places, even to committing crimes. Though education level in recent years has increased but skill development is still a crucial issue. Moreover, poverty, limited access to skill based education, work experience are some of major factors that lead to unemployment and underemployment. Current Prime Minister Narendra Modi has too emphasised on skill development of youth so that they would able to fulfil the mission of nation building.


Long Essay On Unemployment


 Government should set up their efforts to support skill and remaining activities to address the gaps between demand and supply of work skills and qualifications. The country needs to take a serious look at its present scenario and think of some serious remedial measures to face the mammoth problem of unemployment. 

The society has to change its outlook on white collar and blue collar jobs, along with a chance in education system and needs to create more opportunity of self-employment. Stress on vocational training is needed urgently. Then only we can overcome the growing problem of unemployment in the country. 


Unemployment images


The Government of India has taken several steps to decrease the unemployment rate like launching Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme which guarantee a 100 day employment to an unemployed person in a year.

 The scheme of unemployment allowance was launched by Samajwadi Party where in Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav distributed allowance of 1000 rupees per month to the unemployed youths in the age group of 25-40. 


Unemployment images


Drought Prone Area Programme proved fruitful in removing seasonal unemployment in about 13 states. Self-employment training was also given to young men along with financial assistance from the bank was also extended. Government also helps people to get employment abroad. With the recent development, where in Prime Minister Narendra Modi is calling foreign investors to set up industries in India, soon the problem of unemployment would be seen as a thing of past.

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